Italy boasts many treasured monuments and architectural beauties, however the castles are actually among the many most evocative when it comes to attraction. Perched on majestic mountains, immersed in fairy-tale landscapes or lapped by the waters, castles and fortresses inform us long-gone tales, on the border between actuality and legend.
The fortresses are similar to castles, fortification works consisting of a wall of appreciable thickness and towers. Typically, they’re present in very suggestive villages or historic centres, locations that convey photographs of princesses, knights and battles to thoughts. Right here under is the checklist of among the most fascinating ones.
Monteriggioni fortress, Tuscany
Because of its majesty and grandeur, the Monteriggioni fortress, within the province of Siena, has a pure vacationer vocation. Yearly, in truth, over 70,000 guests go to admire the well-known Tuscan fort, which exhibits itself in all its magnificence.
It’s no coincidence that some of the illustrious vacationers, who arrived from Florence, was so impressed that he devoted some verses to his most well-known work. We’re speaking about Dante, who was impressed by Monteriggioni for the enormous fixtures within the abyss of Malebolge, in Dante’s Hell.
Rocca Calascio, Abruzzo
Contained in the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga Nationwide Park, at 1460 m, stands the Rocca di Calascio, within the province of L’Aquila. The imposing medieval construction, all inbuilt white stone, is likely one of the highest in Italy. Perched within the mountains, it overlooks the traditional village under, now uninhabited. Its undoubted attraction has made it an ideal setting for a number of movies, together with the unforgettable “Ladyhawke” and “The Title of the Rose”, but in addition the newest “The American” with George Clooney.
Aragonese Citadel, Ischia island, Amalfi coast
It stands on an islet and is linked by way of a masonry bridge to the traditional Borgo di Celsa, at this time often called Ischia Ponte. Because of Alfonso V of Aragon, entry to the fort is feasible by way of a tunnel dug within the rock. Earlier than then, it might solely be accessed by the ocean. The tunnel, 400 meters lengthy, is illuminated by excessive skylights which on the time additionally acted as “seals” from which boiling oil, stones and different supplies have been thrown at any enemies. On this fort, in 1952, some scenes of the movie “The Crimson Pirate” have been shot with Burt Lancaster.
Scaliger Citadel, Garda Lake
It is likely one of the most full and best-preserved castles in Italy. This fort, situated in Sirmione, is a uncommon instance of a lake fortification. The fort is bathed on all sides by the waters of Lake Garda. On one aspect there’s the dock, on the opposite the imposing maintain, with the cells meant for prisoners. The partitions and the three predominant towers have dovetail battlements. It’s attainable to entry the walkways and likewise attain the highest of the latter, in addition to benefit from the splendour of the dock. A tragic legend of affection desires Ebengardo’s soul to roam the fort seeking his Arice on stormy nights.
Castel del Monte, Puglia
It’s actually some of the mysterious in Italy, it’s a Thirteenth-century constructing constructed by Emperor Frederick II, close to the city of Andria. Its octagonal plan with an octagonal turret for every edge means that Castel del Monte was constructed in keeping with exact mathematical-astronomical geometries, in addition to taking into consideration quite a few symbolisms. It doesn’t have any moat or army architectural factor, it doesn’t reside in a strategic place, it has slender spiral staircases undoubtedly uncomfortable for defence and escape capabilities, loopholes too slender to throw arrows, and no stables. Its uncommon form additionally appears to recall that of a crown.
The castles within the Niccone Valley, Umbria/Tuscany border
11 miles lengthy, the place Tuscany meets Umbria, the Niccone valley owes its identify to the Niccone stream, a tributary of the Tiber which is situated between Umbertide and Cortona. This lengthy, huge and quiet valley is a widely known vacation vacation spot for selective travellers from all around the world. Alongside the valley stand out the peaks of castles and a few ‘borghi’, in different phrases, fortified villages, constructed throughout the Center Ages. These constructions testify to the political and army stress by the Papal States for the enlargement of territorial neighbours.
The northern valley wall primarily resides in Tuscany from which, persevering with in the direction of Umbria, it’s attainable to see the outstanding ‘Castello di Pierle’ sitting on the most excessive western a part of this huge valley. Constructed on the jap aspect of Mount Maestrino, the imposing fort dominates the fertile valley identical to an imposing eagle. Reaching the fort, its peak seems nearly disproportionate to the modest dimension of the hill the place the fort is situated. Across the fort, there’s a small church and a few previous homes the place just a few individuals dwell in whole tranquillity along with some home animals.
The oldest fort in your entire valley is the Lisciano Citadel, courting again to the Ninth-Tenth century. In-built 1202 by the Marquises of Monte, it was protected by Perugia after which returned beneath the Papal authorities in 1479. The fort was additionally owned by the Marquises of Sorbello. Sadly, just a few ruins are left of this fort at this time.
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The Sorbello fort appears so totally different from the others as a result of it is likely one of the only a few castles within the space that has Ghibelline traditions, as its crenellated towers show. The primitive bulk of this constructing dates again to the Tenth century, whereas the south aspect dates again to the twelfth century; in 1600 it underwent radical modifications and first, it grew to become a consultant palace, then a villa as a substitute. Its historical past is carefully linked to the occasions of the Marquis de Bourbon of Monte S. Maria Tiberina. Contained in the fort, the noble residences are stuffed with magnificent ceilings and chests of drawers. Fascinating is the ready room, embellished with stunning Seventeenth-century work, and the throne room, the place the Regent dealt with justice.
The fort of Reschio is situated on the border between Perugia and Tuscany, within the municipality of Lisciano Niccone, on a hill about 3 kilometres from the general public street of the Niccone valley. Within the Center Ages, the fort was lengthy disputed by the Lords of Perugia, Florence and Città di Castello for its location and numerous housing models. Situated inside a non-public property, the fort grounds host just a few luxurious villas accessible for vacation leases.
Leaving Umbertide, in the direction of the route of Città di Castello alongside the Tiberina 3Bis, on the left seems in the midst of the greenery, the fort of Montalto with its excessive tower. In historical occasions this fort was a fortress of nice strategic significance for the defence of Fratta towards the expansionist targets of Città di Castello.
Daniela De Luca is CEO at House in Italy. House in Italy is a luxurious villa rental firm providing excessive finish vacation villa experiences all through the most effective areas of Italy since 1993.
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